The 500th anniversary of the Reformation provides us with an opportunity to reflect on the historical significance of the Reformation and the people who embodied it, as well as on its biblical significance and the spiritual heritage it left us.
This milestone anniversary allows us to remember the 5 “solas”. These 5 expressions summarize the spiritual foundations of Protestant Christians.
Sola Scriptura: by Scripture alone. The Bible is the Word of God, infallible and without error. It is the ultimate authority over what we must believe and live.
Sola Fide: by faith alone. We are saved by faith, not by some work.
Sola Gratia: by grace alone. We are saved by the grace of God. Salvation is his own initiative and depends only on his power. Everything we receive from God is the fruit of His grace.
Solus Christus: through Christ alone. He is the mediator between God and men and the agent of our salvation.
Soli Deo Gloria: for the glory of God only. Everything was created by God and for God. Our salvation, like everything else, has the ultimate goal of glorifying God.
Solas are biblical doctrines. Moreover, the first of the “solas” is the foundation of all the others. Since the Bible is our only authority, what we believe is derived from it.
The questions to which solas answer:
What do I have to do to be saved? Sola Fide
Who to trust? Solus Christus
What should I obey? Sola Scriptura
What should I receive? Sola Gratia
What is the purpose? Soli Deo Gloria